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Children make the best of things, playing with a ball outside the tents they call home, or using a makeshift seesaw made from a wooden plank and an oil barrel. Danielle Mitterand heads to the Saharawi refugee camp … People watch an outdoor film screening at the FiSahara Film Festival in the remote Dakhla refugee camp in western Algeria on October 9, 2013. Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Images [ comunicado oficial MAE espanol] [ El Moudjahid ] For full functionality of this page it is necessary to enable JavaScript. The Saharawi Refugee Camps were set up in 1975-1976 to house Saharawi refugees from Morocco's occupation of Western Sahara. Algerian authorities have estimated the number of Sahrawi refugees in Algeria to be 165,000. Uncertainty about the political future of Western Sahara deterred the ethnic Sahrawi refugees from returning home. The Saharawi refugees living in camps in southwestern Algeria were forced to flee their homes in Western Sahara in 1975, when Morocco’s claim over the territory triggered an armed conflict with the Polisario Front, a liberation movement recognized by the United Nations (UN) as the legitimate … Thousands of ethnic Sahrawi refugees from Western Sahara also fled to Mauritania to escape the war, which began when Morocco annexed Western Sahara in 1976. Living in the refugee camps. UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon plans to visit the camps on March 5. An indigenous Sahrawi woman sits inside her tent. [2][3] 90,000 estimated by the CIA world Factbook. Western Sahara100% (1/1) The Sahrawi refugee camps in Tindouf, Algeria, are a collection of refugee camps set up in the Tindouf Province, Algeria in 1975–76 for Sahrawi refugees fleeing from Moroccan forces, who advanced through Western Sahara during the Western Sahara War. International aid has kept the needs and hopes of the Saharawi refugees going for almost four decades of exile. The Saharawi People are nomadic and from time immemorial have travelled throughout North Africa in Video from yesterday's reception of Saharawi People's Liberation Army soldiers, returning from the front lines of the ongoing liberation war against Morocco. At the local school and nursery, where teachers are indigenous Sahrawi, refugees try to get ahead through education. Each camp (wilaya) is divided into six or eight provinces (dairas) Saharawi refugee camps (Tindouf) SITUATION REPORT December 2015 5 The MOE has validated the approach and the tool. Saharawi refugee dwelling in Smara camp, Algeria.jpg 400 × 302; 102 KB Saharawi refugee women with flour in Dakhla, Algeria.jpg 400 × 300; 153 KB Saharawi … Sahrawi man in Tindouf Refugee Camp, Algeria The Sahrawi , or Saharawi , are the people living in the western part of the Sahara desert which includes Western Sahara (claimed by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Saguia el-Hamra and mostly controlled by Morocco), other parts of southern Morocco and the extreme southwest of Algeria. Photographs of the Sahrawi refugee camps of Tindouf and the Liberated Territories of the Westren Sahara. Here are the, instructions how to enable JavaScript in your web browser. Sahrawi refugees refers to the refugees of the Western Sahara War (1975–1991) and their descendants, who are still mostly populating the Sahrawi refugee camps in Tindouf, Algeria. An indigenous Sahrawi woman walks into a nursery in Boudjdour refugee camp. The UNCHR classifies 90,000 of these refugees as vulnerable. With most refugees still living in the camps, the refugee situation is among the most protracted ones worldwide.[1][7]. Over and over the refugees are heard saying they want to go back home to Western Sahara, a region mired in a four-decade deadlock. Morocco's annexation of Western Sahara prompted a rebellion by the Polisario Front backed by Morocco's neighbour Algeria. The UNHCR "vulnerable refugees" in 2005 estimated 90,000. "Income-generating activities are scarce" for the refugees, the UNHCR says. In 1998, UN's Minurso mission identified 42,378 voting-age adults in the camps, counting only those who had contacted the mission's registration offices and subsequently been able to prove their descent from pre-1975 Western Sahara. Children stand in front of a house that was damaged by floods. [12], The ECHO (European Commission – Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection) allocated in 2013 some 10 million Euro for the purposes of improving living conditions of Sahrawi refugees. The United Nations brokered a ceasefire in 1991, but talks have since failed to find a lasting settlement in Africa's longest-running territorial dispute. In February of 2008, the territory held its elections for the Sahrawi National Council. Those refugees ended up in Sahrawi refugee camps in the Tindouf Province, Algeria. Article 4 of the Sahrawi constitution. The camp is part of a group of five total camps harboring Sahrawi refugees from Western Sahara. The biggest concentration of Sahrawi refugees was created in 1975–76, when Sahrawi refugees were fleeing from Moroccan forces, who advanced through Western Sahara during the Western Sahara War between Morocco and Sahrawi Polisario Front. [8] 165,000 claimed by the Polisario and Algerian government. The flag of Western Sahara flutters in the school playground. Western Sahara: Aid caravans for benefit of Sahrawi refugees APS - 05 January 2021 ALGIERS- The Algerian-Western Sahara Friendship Group, in coordination with the Algerian National Committee of Solidarity with the Sahrawi People (CNASPS), will send next Thursday aid caravans for the benefit of Saharawi refugees in the camps near Tindouf. Most lived in the northern town of Zouérat and the coastal town of Nouadhibou on Mauritania's northern border. The biggest concentration of Sahrawi refugees was created in 1975–76, when Sahrawi refugees were fleeing from Moroccan forces, who advanced through Western Sahara during the Western Sahara War between Morocco and Sahrawi Polisario Front. The Sahara desert near the Saharawi refugee camp Dakhla on December 31, 2018 in Tindouf, Algeria. Saharawi child plays with a toy, built with poor material, in the Saharawi refugee camp Smara on January 14, 2008 in Tindouf, Algeria. Saharawi Women with Melfa, typical dress by women in Western Sahara in the Saharawi refugee camp Dakhla on December 14, 2009 in Tindouf, Algeria. The camps' residents are "mainly dependent on humanitarian assistance with little prospect for self-reliance.". The Moroccan government contends that the total number of refugees is around 45,000 to 50,000, and also that these people are kept in the camps by Polisario against their will. Following the 1975 Green March, the Moroccan state has sponsored settlement schemes enticing thousands of Moroccans to move into the Moroccan-occupied part of Western Sahara (80% of the territory). Landscape of Bojador, one of the Saharawi refugee camps (SADR, Algeria). In two of the camps, Boudjdour and Al Smara, there are no streetlights. [3], The exact number of Sahrawi refugees in Algeria is unknown however there have been may estimates. Those refugees ended up in Sahrawi refugee camps in the Tindouf Province, Algeria. With most refugees still living in the camps, the refugee situation is among the most protracted ones worldwide. After 45 years of displacement, the Saharawi refugee crisis is one of the most protracted in the world. The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic flag flies in Boudjdour refugee camp. A mural painted on a wall of the National Union of Sahrawi Women headquarters in Boudjdour camp reads in Spanish, "If the present is a struggle, the future is ours.". Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Images Some chose to immigrate to Europe, as part of the general migration wave from Africa, while others dispersed in Mauritania. [4][5] United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) referred to Algeria's figure for many years, but in 2005 concern about it being inflated led the organization to reduce its working figure to 90,000 based on satellite imagery analysis. Older students set their sights on university in Algeria or Spain. [14], An ethnoreligious group indigenous to North Africa, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, the Moroccan-occupied part of Western Sahara, "Western Sahara (Report on Human Rights Practices)", "Country of Origin Information Report. For every Saharawi person, the camps are still a temporary solution, but the idea of ‘temporary’ has by now become feeble, as they reach the third generation of the refugees who outran the war. An indigenous Sahrawi man carries a tray of tea while his brother rebuilds their house. Tankers deliver water once a month. View of Boujdour/27 de Febrero refugee camp, one of the five camps in Algeria. During the height of the Arab Spring in Libya in 2011, some 990,900 people (10 percent of Tunisia’s … Many residents are using mud to make bricks and rebuild their homes after floods damaged the area last year. [11] They formed a majority of people with refugee status in the whole Mauritania. The centre proposes youth retention initiatives to ensure that refugees are able to remain in the camps with a certain degree of self- sufficiency, giving them a new degree of dignity and security as well as a greater degree of control over their affairs.. The UNHCR and other humanitarian assistance agencies had virtually no contact with those refugees. In 2005, I was invited by UNICEF ALGERIA as an advisor for the project “Family gardens and school gardens in the Saharawi refugee camps in South-East Algeria”. The Sahrawis in the liberated areas, as well as refugee camps in Algeria, participate in the country's democratic elections. Algerian authorities have... Sahrawi children carry water with a donkey through the Sahara Desert near the Sahrawi refugee camp in … The refugees cannot afford to buy fuel for generators so they depend on car batteries to power lights when night falls. . In refugee camps near the town of Tindouf in the arid south-west of Algeria conditions are hard for indigenous Sahrawi residents. [1][2][3] The UNHCR estimated 155,000 prior to 2005. In refugee camps near the town of Tindouf in the arid south-west of Algeria conditions are hard for indigenous Sahrawi residents. [13] ECHO has so far donated nearly 200 million Euro for that purpose, beginning from 1993. About 95,000 Saharawi Refugees are detained in the Polisario-run camps in Tindouf in South-West Algeria, according to the United Nations Organisation, the United Nations' High Commission for Refugees and other internationally-respected organisations, governments and charities. Set deep in the desert outside Tindouf, Algeria, the Sahrawi refugee camps are a remote yet lively political hub. Dispensaries at the Navarra Hospital (Tifariti) are filled up with medicines sent by humanitarian agencies. The refugee camps are situated in the western part of the Algerian desert, near the frontier between Algeria and the SADR. The SADR government is based in the Tindouf refugee camps in Algeria.It controls the area east of the Moroccan Wall in Western Sahara which it labels the "Free Zone". A man makes bricks to rebuild his family home. The European Commission refers to the Sahrawi refugees as the "forgotten refugees". Algeria", "UNHCR Global Report, Mauritania, p. 153", «El español en los compamentos de refugiados saharauis (Tinduf, Argelia)», "UNHCR thanks Algeria for her assistance to the Saharawi refugees", "QUATRIEME COMMISSION: LE MAROC RESTE ATTACHE AU PLAN DE REGLEMENT ET A LA TENUE D'UN REFERENDUM TRANSPARENT AU SAHARA OCCIDENTAL - Couverture des réunions & communiqués de presse", "Refworld - U.S. Committee for Refugees World Refugee Survey 2004 - Mauritania", "Western Sahara's stranded refugees consider renewal of Morocco conflict", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sahrawi_refugees&oldid=999460968, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 08:34. It is run by the Polisario Front, which is Western Sahara’s … By 2015, it was estimated that Moroccan settlers made up at least two thirds of the 500,000 inhabitants. The camps are home to 173,000 refugees of a forgotten conflict: an older generation who remember the war against Morocco from 1975 to 1991, and a younger generation born in the camps since the latter year’s ceasefire agreement. The Sahrawis who did not flee have been given Moroccan citizenship. In primary school ‘8 de marzo’, in Layoune refugee camp, there are 1 127 pupils between the ages of 6 and 12 years. ©Ángel L. Martínez. Summary. Primary education is free of charge. For four decades tens of thousands of Sahrawi refugees have lived in remote refugee camps in the Sahara desert near the Algerian town of … Video was shot in Smara refugee camp. Images of daily life at the Sahrawi refugee camps of Tindouf, in Algeria, and of the Liberated Territories of the Western Sahara, the part of the Western Sahara occupied by the Polisario Front troops. The project focus in the Saharawi youth living in the refugee camp of Smara. The refugees' numbers will also be important in determining their political weight in the possible event of a referendum to determine Western Sahara's future status. Saharawi refugee camp in Tindouf Province, Algeria Algerian authorities have estimated the number of Sahrawi refugees in Algeria to be 165,000. The number of Sahrawi refugees in Tinduf camps is disputed and politically sensitive. Since the creation of the Sahrawi refugee problem in the 1970s, a significant number of Sahrawi refugees have tried to upgrade their status, by leaving the refugee camps in Tindouf and the northern villages in Mauritania. By the end of 2003, there were more than 26,000 registered Sahrawi refugees in Mauritania. NGOs, including Oxfam, run language and computer courses for women. [3] 25,000–40,000 claimed by the Dissident former Polisario officials.[10]. Saharawi Refugees Camps-Tindouf- Algeria Humanitarian Situation Report #3 Cracks in the walls, L egronio Shool - Daira B oukraa- camp de Laayoun e . [9] 45,000–50,000 claimed by the Moroccan government. [1][2] UNHCR is in dialogue with the Algerian Government and the Sahrawi refugee leadership, seeking to conduct a census to determine the exact number of refugees in the camps.[1]. A Saharawi source indicated that Ould Salek gave Moratinos an invitation from the President of SADR to the Spanish President, Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero, to go to the Saharawi refugee camps. No attempt was made to estimate the total population number in the camps. Morocco argues that Polisario and Algeria overestimate the numbers to attract political attention and foreign aid, while Polisario accuses Morocco of attempting to restrict human aid as a means of pressure on civilian refugee populations. ; Area of the whole territory of Western Sahara claimed by SADR. This has been supported by Polisario, although the movement recognizes that some refugees have rebased to Mauritania, a country that houses about 26,000 Sahrawis refugees. An indigenous Sahrawi woman walks outside her tent in Al Smara refugee camp. The five camps there are home to an estimated 165,000 Sahrawi refugees, according to the United Nations refugee agency, citing government figures. Morocco has controlled most of Western Sahara since 1975 and claims sovereignty over the sparsely populated stretch of desert to its south, which has offshore fishing, phosphate reserves and oilfield potential.

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